Year of publication
Age group of participant
Ultra-processed foods and early childhood caries in 0–3_year_olds enrolled at Primary Healthcare Centers in Southern Brazil
Investigate the relationship between ultra-processed food consumption and early childhood caries.
Consumption of ultra-processed foods four times or more a day was found in 67·6 % of children; 24·4 and 12·0 % presented non-cavitated and cavitated caries, respectively. After adjustment, children who consumed ultra-processed foods four times or more a day were more likely to present both non-cavitated caries (PR 2·25, 95 % CI 1·19, 4·27, P = 0·013) and cavitated caries (PR 3·48, 95 % CI 1·18, 10·30, P = 0·024) compared with those who have consumed them up to three times a day.
de Souza MS, Vaz Jdos S, Martins-Silva T, Bomfim RA, Cascaes AM.
Public Health Nutrition