Year of publication
NOVA (3 groups)
Household and laboratory
Age group of participant
Ultra-processed food products and obesity in Brazilian households (2008-2009)
Analyze the relationship between household availability of processed and ultra-processed products and the prevalence of excess weight and obesity in Brazil.
The mean contribution of processed and ultra-processed products to total dietary energy availability ranged from 15.4% (lower quartile) to 39.4% (upper quartile). Adjusted linear regression coefficients indicated that household availability of ultra-processed products was positively associated with both the average BMI and the prevalence of excess weight and obesity, whereas processed products were not associated with these outcomes. In addition, people in the upper quartile of household consumption of ultra-processed products, compared with those in the lower quartile, were 37% more likely to be obese.
Canella DS, Levy RB, Martins APB, Claro RM, Moubarac JC, Baraldi LG, Cannon G, Monteiro CA.
Brazilian Institute for Consumer’s Defense