Data

Year of publication

2020

Type

Quantitative

Design

Longitudinal, RCT

Classification

NOVA

Country studied

Netherlands

Data

Secondary

Data Collected

Three food frequency

Study setting

Hospital

Age group of participant

Children/12-60 months

Participant sex

Mixed

Target population

Vulnerable (children)

Sample size

n=1473 (participants)

Ultra-processed food intake and associations with demographic factors in young New Zealand children./Journal of the Academy of Nutrtritiomnn and Dietetics

Goal

Describe UPF intake and associations with demographic factors in young children from 12 to 60 months of age.

Results

UPF contributed mean (95% confidence interval) 45% (44%, 47%), 42% (41%, 44%), and 51% (50%, 52%) of energy intake to the diets of children at 12, 24, and 60 months of age, respectively. Energy intake from UPF was moderately correlated between 24 and 60 months (r ¼ 0.36). No demographic factors were associated with mean %kcal UPF across time points, except for maternal obesity predicting higher UPF intake at 12 months. Bread, yoghurt, crackers, whole-wheat breakfast cereal, sausages, and muesli bars were among the 10 foods making the greatest contribution to mean %kcal UPF intakes at all time points.

Authors

Fangupo LJ, Haszard JJ, Taylor BJ, Gray AR, Lawrence JA, Taylor RW.

Journal

DOI