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Ultra-processed food consumption is associated with abdominal obesity: A prospective cohort study in older adults
Assess, for the first time in the literature, the prospective association between UPF consumption and the incidence of abdominal obesity (AO) in older adults.
Among those participants without AO at baseline, 177 developed AO during follow-up. The average consumption of UPF was 17% of total energy (7% in the first tertile; 29% in the third tertile). The odds ratio (95% confidence interval) for incident AO risk when compared to the lowest tertile was: 1.55 (0.99–2.44) for the second tertile of UPF consumption and 1.62 (1.04–2.54) for the third tertile; p for linear trend: 0.037. Results remained statistically significant after adjusting for potential dietary confounding factors such as fiber consumption, the intake of very long chain omega-3 fatty acids and adherence to the Mediterranean diet.
Sandoval-Insausti H, Jiménez-Onsurbe M, Donat-Vargas C.