Data

Year of publication

2020

Type

Quantitative

Design

Cross-sectional

Classification

NOVA

Country studied

Spain

Data

Primary

Data Collected

One food record

Study setting

Household

Age group of participant

Elders

Participant sex

Mixed

Target population

Vulnerable (elders)

Sample size

n=652 (participants)

Ultra-processed food consumption is associated with abdominal obesity: A prospective cohort study in older adults

Goal

Assess, for the first time in the literature, the prospective association between UPF consumption and the incidence of abdominal obesity (AO) in older adults.

Results

Among those participants without AO at baseline, 177 developed AO during follow-up. The average consumption of UPF was 17% of total energy (7% in the first tertile; 29% in the third tertile). The odds ratio (95% confidence interval) for incident AO risk when compared to the lowest tertile was: 1.55 (0.99–2.44) for the second tertile of UPF consumption and 1.62 (1.04–2.54) for the third tertile; p for linear trend: 0.037. Results remained statistically significant after adjusting for potential dietary confounding factors such as fiber consumption, the intake of very long chain omega-3 fatty acids and adherence to the Mediterranean diet.

Authors

Sandoval-Insausti H, Jiménez-Onsurbe M, Donat-Vargas C.

Journal

Nutrients

DOI