Data

Year of publication

2019

Type

Quantitative

Design

Longitudinal

Classification

NOVA

Country studied

Spain

Data

Primary

Data Collected

One food frequency or +

Study setting

Online

Age group of participant

Adults/mean=35+/- 11

Participant sex

Mixed

Target population

General

Sample size

n=14 907 (participants)

Ultra-processed food consumption and the incidence of depression in a Mediterranean cohort: the SUN Project./Eur J Nutr

Goal

Examine the association between UPF consumption and the risk of depression in the SUN cohort.

Results

A total of 774 incident cases of depression were identified during follow-up. Pasrticipants in the highest quartil of UPF consumption had a higher risk of developing depression [HR (95%CI) 1.33 (1.07-1.64); p trend = 0.004] than those in the lowest quartile after adjusting for potential confounders. Conclusions : In a prospective cohort of Spanish university graduates, we found a positive association between UPF consumption and the risk of depression that was strongest amon participants with low levels of physical activity.

Authors

Gómez-Donoso C, Sánchez-Villegas A, Martínez-González MA, et al.

Journal

DOI