Year of publication
One 24 hours recall
Age group of participant
Ultra-processed food consumption and risk of obesity: A prospective cohort study of UK Biobank./European Journal of Nutrition
Examine the associations between ultra-processed food consumption and risk of obesity among UK adults.
Participants in the highest quartile of ultra-processed food consumption had significantly higher risk of developing overall obesity (HR 1.79; 95% CI 1.06─3.03) and abdominal obesity (HR 1.30; 95% CI 1.14─1.48). They had higher risk of experiencing a ≥ 5% increase in BMI (HR 1.31; 95% CI 1.20─1.43), WC (HR 1.35; 95% CI 1.25─1.45) and %BF (HR 1.14; 95% CI 1.03─1.25), than those in the lowest quartile of consumption.
Rauber F, Chang K, Vamos EP, Louzada MLC, Monteiro CA, Millett C, Levy RB.