Data

Year of publication

2020

Type

Mixed-Method

Design

Longitudinal

Classification

NOVA

Country studied

United Kingdom

Data

Secondary

Data Collected

One 24 hours recall

Study setting

Online

Age group of participant

Adults/40-69

Participant sex

Mixed

Target population

General

Sample size

n=22659 (participants)

Ultra-processed food consumption and risk of obesity: A prospective cohort study of UK Biobank./European Journal of Nutrition

Goal

Examine the associations between ultra-processed food consumption and risk of obesity among UK adults.

Results

Participants in the highest quartile of ultra-processed food consumption had significantly higher risk of developing overall obesity (HR 1.79; 95% CI 1.06─3.03) and abdominal obesity (HR 1.30; 95% CI 1.14─1.48). They had higher risk of experiencing a ≥ 5% increase in BMI (HR 1.31; 95% CI 1.20─1.43), WC (HR 1.35; 95% CI 1.25─1.45) and %BF (HR 1.14; 95% CI 1.03─1.25), than those in the lowest quartile of consumption.

Authors

Rauber F, Chang K, Vamos EP, Louzada MLC, Monteiro CA, Millett C, Levy RB. 

Journal

DOI