Data

Year of publication

2018

Type

Quantitatve

Design

Longitudinal

Classification

NOVA

Country studied

Brazil

Data

Secondary

Data Collected

Two 24-hours recalls

Study setting

Household

Age group of participant

Children/4-8

Participant sex

Mixed

Target population

Vulnerable (children)

Sample size

n=354 (participants age 4), n=315 (participants age 8)

Ultra-processed food consumption and its effect on anthropometric and glucose profile: a Longitudinalstudy during childhood./Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Disease

Goal

Investigate the association between ultra-processed foods consumption at preschool age and anthropometric measurements from preschool to schoolage and glucose profile at school age.

Results

The percentage of daily energy provided by ultra-processed foods was 41.8+/-8.7 (753.8+/-191.0 kcal) at preschool age and 47.8+/-8.9 (753.8+/-191.0 kcal) at schoolage, on average. The adjusted linear regression analyses showed that ultra-processed food con-sumption at preschool age was a predictor of an increase in delta WC from preschool to schoolage (B=0.07; 95%CI 0.01-0.14; P=0.030), but not for glucose metabolism. Conclusion: Our data suggest that early ultra-processed food consumption played a role inincreasing abdominal obesity in children. These results reinforce the importance of effective strategies to prevent the excessive consumption of ultra-processed foods, especially in early ages.

Authors

Costa CS, Rauber F, Leffa PS, Sangalli CN, Campagnolo PDB, Vitolo MR.

Journal

DOI