Data

Year of publication

2019

Type

Quantitative

Design

Cross-sectional

Classification

NOVA

Country studied

United Kingdom, Portugal, Ireland, Germany and France

Data

Secondary

Data Collected

One 24 hours recall

Study setting

Household and laboratory

Age group of participant

All ages/6+

Participant sex

Mixed

Target population

General

Sample size

n=2212 (participants)

Ultra-processed food consumption and exposure to phthalates and bisphenols in the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2013-2014

Goal

Assess associations of ultra-processed food consumption with exposure to phthalates and bi-sphenols,including newer replacements.

Results

In adjusted models, higher energy from ultra-processed food was associated with higher urinary con-centrations of MCPP, MCNP, and MCOP but not MBzP, ∑DEHP, or bisphenols. Each 10% higher energy fromultra-processed food was associated with 8.0% (95% CI: 5.6%, 10.3%) higher urinary MCOP concentrations, with a stronger association among children than adolescents or adults .Ultra-processed sandwiches/hamburgers, Frenchfries/other potato products, and ice cream/pops were associated with higher concentrations of multiple chemicals. Higher energy from minimally processed food was associated with lower concentrations of MCPP,MCNP,MCOP,and bisphenols A and F.

Authors

Buckley JP, Kim H, Wong E, Rebholz CM.

Journal

Environment International

DOI