Data

Year of publication

2020

Type

Mixed-Method

Design

Longitudinal

Classification

NOVA

Country studied

Portugal

Data

Secondary

Data Collected

Two or three-day food records at 4 and 7 years

Study setting

Household

Age group of participant

Children/4-7

Participant sex

Mixed

Target population

Vulnerable (children)

Sample size

n=1175 (participants)

Ultra-processed food consumption, appetitive traits and BMI in children: a prospective study

Goal

Investigate the association of ultra-processed food consumption at 4 and 7 years of age with appetitive traits at 7 years and BMI at 10 years of age.

Results

The average UPF consumption was 27.3% and 29.3% for children aged 4 and 7 yrs, respectively. UPF consumption was positively related to "Food Responsiveness" and negatively related to "Food Fussiness" and "Satiety Responsiveness". UPF consumption at 4 years was directly correlated with higher BMI at age 10.

Authors

Vedovato GM, Vilela S, Severo M, Rodrigues S, Lopes C, Oliveira A.

Journal

British Journal of Nutrition

DOI