Year of publication
Two 24 hours dietary recalls
Age group of participant
Vulnerable (pre-gestational diabetes mellitus)
The impact of the DASH diet on glycaemic control and consumption of processed and ultra-processed foods in pregnant women with pre-gestational diabetes mellitus: A randomized clinical trial/British Journal of Nutrition
Evaluate the impact of the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet on glycemic control and consumption of processed (PF) and ultraprocessed (UPF) foods in pregnant women with pre-gestational diabetes mellitus (PGDM).
In the analysis by protocol, the DG presented a higher incidence of glycaemic control after 12 weeks of intervention (57·1 v. 8·3 %, P = 0·01, moderate effect size) and a lower mean consumption of UPF (−9·9 %, P = 0·01) compared with the CG. There was no statistically significant difference in fasting and postprandial blood glucose concentrations, or in the consumption of PF between the groups (P > 0·05). The DASH diet may be a strategy for glycaemic control in pregnant women with PGDM, favouring the adoption of a nutritionally adequate diet with lower consumption of UPF. Further studies are needed to investigate the effect of the DASH diet on glycaemic profile, and maternal and perinatal outcomes in women with PGDM.
Fagherazzi S, Farias D, Belfort G, Dos Santos K, Lima T, Santos M, & Saunders, C.