Year of publication
NOVA, Other (Siga)
Age group of participant
n=24932 (packaged foods)
The holistico-reductionist Siga classification according to the degree of food processing: An evaluation of ultra-processed foods in French supermarkets
Characterize packaged foods using the Siga classifcation.
Two-thirds of the products were ultra-processed. Products with more than one MUP (C1) corresponded to the most represented category, accounting for 54% of the products. Among foods with more than five ingredients, 75% were UPFs. Considering all products, the average number of ingredients, MUPs and at-risk additives were 10.1, 2.6 and 0.5, respectively. Among food categories, some contained a high percentage of UPFs: 94, 95, 95, 81, 80, and 87% for salted meats, cooked dishes, flavoured yogurts/white cheeses, energy and gourmet bars, breakfast cereals, and vegetarian dishes, respectively.
Davidou S, Christodoulou A, Fardet A, Frank K.
Food & Function