Data

Year of publication

2020

Type

Qualitative

Design

Literature Review

Classification

Other (non-stated)

Country studied

Global

Data

Secondary

Data Collected

Literature

Study setting

N/A

Age group of participant

N/A

Participant sex

N/A

Target population

N/A

Sample size

n= 14 (papers)

Scoping review of Paleolithic dietary patterns: a definition proposal

Goal

Review currently applied PaleoDiet scores and suggested a new score based on the food composition of current PaleoDiet definitions and the theoretical food content of a staple dietary pattern in the Paleolithic age.

Results

We observed some common components of the PaleoDiet among these definitions although we also found high heterogeneity in the list of specific foods that should be encouraged or banned within the PaleoDiet. Most studies suggest that the PaleoDiet may have beneficial effects in the prevention of cardiometabolic diseases (type 2 diabetes, overweight/obesity, CVD and hyperlipidaemias) but the level of evidence is still weak because of the limited number of studies with a large sample size, hard outcomes instead of surrogate outcomes and long-term follow-up. Finally, we propose a new PaleoDiet score com- posed of eleven food items, based on a high consumption of fruits, nuts, vegetables, fish, eggs and unprocessed meats (lean meats); and a minimum content of dairy products, grains and cereals, and legumes and practical absence of processed (or ultra-processed) foods or culinary ingredients.

Authors

de la O V, Zazpe I, Martínez JA, et al.

Journal

Nutrition Research Reviews

DOI