Year of publication
Two food frequency
Age group of participant
Children/6 and 11
n=3128 (6 years old), n=3454 (11 years old)
Role of ultra-processed food in fat mass index between 6 and 11 years of age: A cohort study/International Journal of Epidemiology
Evaluate the association between ultra-processed food consumption and body fat from 6 to 11 years of age.
An increase of 100 g in contribution from ultra-processed food to daily food intake at between 6 and 11 years of age was associated with a gain of 0.14 kg/m² in fat mass index in the same period
Santos Costa CD, Formoso Assunção M C, Loret de Mola C, Souza Cardoso J, Matijasevich A, Barros AJD, Santos I.