Data

Year of publication

2011

Type

Quantitative

Design

Cross-sectional

Classification

NOVA (3 groups)

Country studied

Brazil

Data

Secondary

Data Collected

One food frequency

Study setting

Clinic

Age group of participant

Teenagers/12-19

Participant sex

Mixed

Target population

Vulnerable (teenagers)

Sample size

n=210 (participants)

Relationship between ultra-processed foods and metabolic syndrome in adolescents from a Brazilian Family Doctor Program/Public Health Nutr

Goal

Estimate the association between food intake and metabolic syndrome (MetS)

Results

MetS was diagnosed in 6,7% of the adolescents; the most frequent diagnostic criteria included the reduction of HDL cholesterol (46,7 %), elevated serum glucose (17,1 %) and the elevation of waist circumference (16,7 %). Crude analysis showed higher average daily intakes of energy, carbohydrates and ultra- processed foods among adolescents with MetS. After statistical adjustment, the intake of ultra-processed foods ≥ 3rd quartile) remained associated with MetS (prevalence ratio 5= 2,5; P=0,012). Conclusions: High consumption of ultra-processed foods was associated with the prevalence of MetS in this adolescents group.

Authors

Tavares LF, Fonseca SC, Garcia Rosa ML, Yokoo EM.

Journal

DOI