Year of publication
NOVA (3 groups)
One food frequency
Age group of participant
Relationship between ultra-processed foods and metabolic syndrome in adolescents from a Brazilian Family Doctor Program
Estimate the association between food intake and metabolic syndrome (MetS)
MetS was diagnosed in 6,7% of the adolescents; the most frequent diagnostic criteria included the reduction of HDL cholesterol (46,7 %), elevated serum glucose (17,1 %) and the elevation of waist circumference (16,7 %). Crude analysis showed higher average daily intakes of energy, carbohydrates and ultra- processed foods among adolescents with MetS. After statistical adjustment, the intake of ultra-processed foods ≥ 3rd quartile) remained associated with MetS (prevalence ratio 5= 2,5; P=0,012). Conclusions: High consumption of ultra-processed foods was associated with the prevalence of MetS in this adolescents group.
Tavares LF, Fonseca SC, Garcia Rosa ML, Yokoo EM.
Public Health Nutr