Year of publication
Two 24 hours recalls
Age group of participant
Vulnerable (cardiac patients)
Pro-inflammatory diet is associated with a high number of cardiovascular events and ultra-processed foods consumption in patients in secondary care
Evaluate the association of dietary inflammatory index with occurrence of cardiovascular events, cardiometabolic risk factors and consumption of processed, ultra-processed, unprocessed or minimally processed foods and culinary ingredients.
Patients in the third tertile of DII (DII > 0·91) had were more likely to have 2 (OR 1·27, 95 % CI: 1·01–1·61) and ≥ 3 (OR 1·39, 95 % CI: 1·07–1·79) cardiovascular events, with poor cardiometabolic profile. They also were more likely to consume a higher percentage of processed, ultra-processed and culinary ingredients foods consumption compared with the patients in the first DII tertile (DII ≤ 0·91).
da Silva A, Felício MB, Caldas APS, Miranda Hermsdorff HH, Bersch-Ferreira AC, Torreglosa CR, Shivappa N, Hepert JR, Weber B, Bressan J.
Public Health Nutrition