Data

Year of publication

2020

Type

Quantitative

Design

Cross-sectional

Classification

NOVA

Country studied

Brazil

Data

Secondary

Data Collected

Two 24 hours recalls

Study setting

Hospital

Age group of participant

Adults/60+

Participant sex

Mixed

Target population

Vulnerable (cardiac patients)

Sample size

n=2,359 (participants)

Pro-inflammatory diet is associated with a high number of cardiovascular events and ultra-processed foods consumption in patients in secondary care

Goal

Evaluate the association of dietary inflammatory index with occurrence of cardiovascular events, cardiometabolic risk factors and consumption of processed, ultra-processed, unprocessed or minimally processed foods and culinary ingredients.

Results

Patients in the third tertile of DII (DII > 0·91) had were more likely to have 2 (OR 1·27, 95 % CI: 1·01–1·61) and ≥ 3 (OR 1·39, 95 % CI: 1·07–1·79) cardiovascular events, with poor cardiometabolic profile. They also were more likely to consume a higher percentage of processed, ultra-processed and culinary ingredients foods consumption compared with the patients in the first DII tertile (DII ≤ 0·91).

Authors

da Silva A, Felício MB, Caldas APS, Miranda Hermsdorff HH, Bersch-Ferreira AC, Torreglosa CR, Shivappa N, Hepert JR, Weber B, Bressan J.

Journal

Public Health Nutrition

DOI