Data

Year of publication

2020

Type

Qualitative

Design

Retrospective

Classification

Other (non-stated)

Country studied

Global

Data

Secondary

Data Collected

Database

Study setting

Online

Age group of participant

Children, teenagers, adults

Participant sex

Mixed

Target population

General

Sample size

N/A

Pillars of the nutrition transition: The global impacts of ultra-processed foods and beverages on overweight and obesity and national nutrient supplies

Goal

Calculate change in the global food supply between 1961 and 2013 and quantify the influence of UPF and SSB on national nutrient supplies between 2005 and 2013 and trends in adult, child and adolescent BMI, overweight, and obesity between 2005 and 2015.

Results

Globally, the fatty acid (FA) supply has grown larger and more heavily weighted towards omega-6 FA, while growing less diverse as a result of vegetable oil production. UPF and SSB sales are associated with country nutrient supplies that are higher in calories, carbohydrates, and total fat. Sales also predict increases in average BMI for most groups and increases in overweight and obesity prevalence for some groups.

Authors

Eaton J.

Journal

Dissertation

DOI