Year of publication
Age group of participant
Children, teenagers, adults
Pillars of the nutrition transition: The global impacts of ultra-processed foods and beverages on overweight and obesity and national nutrient supplies
Calculate change in the global food supply between 1961 and 2013 and quantify the influence of UPF and SSB on national nutrient supplies between 2005 and 2013 and trends in adult, child and adolescent BMI, overweight, and obesity between 2005 and 2015.
Globally, the fatty acid (FA) supply has grown larger and more heavily weighted towards omega-6 FA, while growing less diverse as a result of vegetable oil production. UPF and SSB sales are associated with country nutrient supplies that are higher in calories, carbohydrates, and total fat. Sales also predict increases in average BMI for most groups and increases in overweight and obesity prevalence for some groups.