Data

Year of publication

2020

Type

Quantitative

Design

Cross-sectional

Classification

Other

Country studied

Brazil

Data

Primary

Data Collected

One 24 hours recall

Study setting

Laboratory

Age group of participant

Children/6-59 months

Participant sex

Mixed

Target population

Vulnerable (children)

Sample size

n=351 (UPF)

Nutritional profile of ultra-processed foods consumed by chilren in Rio de janeiro

Goal

Analyze the nutritional composition of ultra-processed foods consumed by children using basic health units.

Results

Ultra-processed foods contained high energy value and high levels of total fats, saturated fats, trans fats, and sodium. Out of the total of ultra-processed foods, 66% presented excess of at least one critical nutrient, with emphasis on requeijões and ultra-processed cheeses, instant noodles, and industrialized and sausage-like meats, which presented 100% of foods with excess of total fats, saturated fats and sodium. Out of the 21 groups, the following exceeded the limit established by the Pan American Health Organization: for total fats, 10 groups; for saturated fats, 11; for trans fats, 3; and sodium, 13. Requeijões and ultra-processed cheeses; industrialized and sausage-like meats; and biscuits exceeded this limit in all parameters. Out of the set of ultra-processed foods analyzed, 13.4% contained "other sweeteners" (eight different types).

Authors

Anastácio C, Oliverira JM, Moraes M, Damilão J, Castro I.

Journal

Public Health Journal

DOI