Data

Year of publication

2020

Type

Quantitative

Design

Cross-sectional

Classification

NOVA

Country studied

Brazil

Data

Primary

Data Collected

Food samples

Study setting

Retail

Age group of participant

N/A

Participant sex

N/A

Target population

General

Sample size

n= 377 (food samples)

Nutrient density and affordability of foods in Brazil by food group and degree of processing

Goal

Develop a nutrient density score and nutrient affordability metrics for 377 most consumed foods in Brazil.

Results

Grains, fats and sweets were more energy dense and had lower NRF8.2 scores than dairy, vegetables and fruits. Grains, fats and sweets were the lowest cost sources of energy. Vegetables and fruits, beans, nuts and seeds and eggs and dairy were the lowest cost sources of multiple nutrients. Ultra-processed foods (48 % of total) had higher energy density and lower NRF8.2 scores than did unprocessed foods.

Authors

Siqueira KB, Borges CAV, Binoti ML, Pilati AF, da Silva PHF, Gupta S, Drewnowski A

Journal

Public Health Nutrition

DOI