Data

Year of publication

2020

Type

Quantitative

Design

Longitudinal

Classification

NOVA

Country studied

Brazil

Data

Primary

Data Collected

Two 24 hour recalls

Study setting

Household

Age group of participant

Children/3-6

Participant sex

Mixed

Target population

General

Sample size

n=308 (participants)

Longitudinalassociations between ultra-processed foods and blood lipids in childhood/British Journal of Nutrition

Goal

Study Longitudinaltrends of UPF intake and determine their impact on blood lipids in young children.

Results

At age 6 years, blood tests were performed to measure lipid profile. Contribution of UPF to total energy intake increased by 10 % during the follow-up period, from 43·4 % at 3 years to 47·7 % at 6 years of age. Linear regression models showed that children in the highest tertile of UPF consumption at age 3 years had higher levels of total cholesterol (TC; β 0·22 mmol/l; 95 % CI 0·04, 0·39) and TAG at age 6 years (β 0·11 mmol/l, 95 % CI 0·01, 0·20) compared with those in the lowest tertile. A positive dose–response was observed for an absolute increment of 10 % of UPF on TC (β 0·07 mmol/l, 95 % CI 0·00, 0·14) and TAG (β 0·04 mmol/l, 95 % CI 0·01, 0·07).

Authors

Leffa PS, Hoffman DJ, Rauber F, Sangalli CN, Valmórbida JL, Vitolo MR.

Journal

DOI