Year of publication
Two 24 hour recalls
Age group of participant
Longitudinalassociations between ultra-processed foods and blood lipids in childhood
Study Longitudinaltrends of UPF intake and determine their impact on blood lipids in young children.
At age 6 years, blood tests were performed to measure lipid profile. Contribution of UPF to total energy intake increased by 10 % during the follow-up period, from 43·4 % at 3 years to 47·7 % at 6 years of age. Linear regression models showed that children in the highest tertile of UPF consumption at age 3 years had higher levels of total cholesterol (TC; _ 0·22 mmol/l; 95 % CI 0·04, 0·39) and TAG at age 6 years (_ 0·11 mmol/l, 95 % CI 0·01, 0·20) compared with those in the lowest tertile. A positive dose–response was observed for an absolute increment of 10 % of UPF on TC (_ 0·07 mmol/l, 95 % CI 0·00, 0·14) and TAG (_ 0·04 mmol/l, 95 % CI 0·01, 0·07).
Leffa PS, Hoffman DJ, Rauber F, Sangalli CN, Valmórbida JL, Vitolo MR.
British Journal of Nutrition