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Age group of participant
Food processing and cardiometabolic risk factors: Systematic review/Public Health Journal
Systematically review the evidence for the association between food consumption according to processing and cardiometabolic factors in adults and/or the elderly.
Of the 6,423 studies identified after removing duplicates, eleven met the eligibility criteria. The main food classification we used was Nova. The consumption of ultra-processed foods was positively associated with overweight and obesity, high blood pressure and metabolic syndrome. All articles included met more than 50% of the methodological quality criteria. The quality of evidence was considered moderate for the outcome overweight and obesity and weak for hypertension and metabolic syndrome.
Santos FS, Dias MS, Mintem GC, Oliveira IO, Giant DP.