Year of publication
One food frequency
Age group of participant
Vulnerable (pregnant women)
n= 142 (participants)
Food consumption according to the degree of processing, dietary diversity and socio-demographic factors among pregnant women in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: The Rio Birth Cohort Study of Environmental Exposure and Childhood Development (PIPA project)
Analyze food consumption according to the degree of food processing, dietary diversity, and associated socio-demographic factors during pregnancy.
Over 60% of women consumed at least three non-UPF groups. 25% showed dietary diversity. Education level was associated with regular intake of meat and eggs. White women reported eating "packaged ready meals" more frequently
Naspolini NF, Machado PP, Rodrigues CI, Camara VDM, Moreira JC, Meyer A.
Nutrition and Health