Data

Year of publication

2019

Type

Mixed-Method

Design

Cross-sectional

Classification

NOVA

Country studied

Brazil

Data

Primary

Data Collected

One food frequency

Study setting

School

Age group of participant

Children/9 -11

Participant sex

Mixed

Target population

Vulnerable (childrens)

Sample size

n=139 (participants)

Exploring the consumption of ultra-processed foods and its association with food addiction in overweight children

Goal

Investiguate the prevalence of the diagnosis of food addiction in children as well as their food intake characteristics according to the degree of food processing, based on the NOVA system.

Results

Among the children, 95% showed at least one of the seven symptoms of food ad- diction and 24% presented with a diagnosis of food addiction. In analysis of covariance adjusted for age and sex, a tendency of higher consumption of added sugar (refined sugar, honey, corn syrup) and UPF was found among those diagnosed with food addiction. Multiple logistic regression adjusted for sugar, sodium and fat ingestion showed that consumption of cookies/biscuits (OR = 4.19, p = 0.015) and sausages (OR = 11.77, p = 0.029) were independently associated with food addiction. The identification of foods that may be associated with addictive behavior is very important for correctly treating and preventing childhood obesity, which continues to be one of the greatest health problems in the world.

Authors

Filgueiras AR, Pires de Almeida VB, Koch Nogueira PC, Alvares Domene SM, Eduardo da Silva C, Sesso R, & al.

Journal

Appetite

DOI