Data

Year of publication

2020

Type

Quantitative

Design

Cross-sectional

Classification

Other (non-stated)

Country studied

Lusaka

Data

Primary

Data Collected

One 24 hours recall (individual) ; 7-day recall (household)

Study setting

Household

Age group of participant

All ages

Participant sex

Mixed

Target population

General

Sample size

n=1402 (participants)

Effects of modern food retailer on adult and child diets and nutrition

Goal

Analyze effects of modern retailers on diets and nutrition with individual-level food-intake and anthropometric data from adults and children in a developing country.

Results

The food expenditure share spent in modern retailers was found to be positively associated with overweight in adults, but not in children. For children, a positive association between expenditures in modern retailers and height was identified. Modern retailers contribute to higher consumption of ultra-processed foods and calories. But they also increase protein and micronutrient intakes among adults and children, mainly through higher consumption of meat and dairy. The findings underline that modern retailers can influence diets and nutrition in positive and negative ways. Differentiated regulatory policies are needed to shape food environments for healthy food choices and nutrition.

Authors

Khonje MG, Ecker O, Qaim M.

Journal

Nutrients

DOI