Year of publication
Three 24-hour recalls
Age group of participant
n=323 (mothers) and n=194 (children)
Effect of a healthy eating intervention in the first months of life on ultra-processed food consumption in the age of 4-7 years: A randomized clinical trial with adolescent mothers and their infants/British Journal of Nutrition
Evaluate the effect of a pro-breast-feeding (BF) and healthy complementary feeding intervention per- formed during infants’ first months of life on ultraprocessed food (UPF) consumption at 4–7 years.
Our final analysis included 194 children, with mean age of 6·1 (SD 0·5) years. Mean dietary contribution of UPF was 38 % in the intervention group and 42·7 % in the control group, from total daily intakes. Results adjusted for BF duration, propensity score, income and total energy content demonstrated that the intervention reduced the risk of high consumption of UPF by 35 % (relative risk 0·65, 95 % CI 0·43, 0·98). BF duration was not associated with UPF consumption. The intervention was effective in reducing the risk of high UPF consumption at the age of 4–7 years.
Lazzeri B, Leotti Torman V, Soldateli Paim B, Giugliani E, Monteiro C, Martinez Steele E, Drehmer M.