Data

Year of publication

2020

Type

Quantitative

Design

Cross-sectional

Classification

NOVA

Country studied

Brazil

Data

Primary

Data Collected

One 24 hours recall

Study setting

Clinic

Age group of participant

Children/6-24 months

Participant sex

Mixed

Target population

Vulnerable (children)

Sample size

n=538 (participants)

Early consumption of ultra-processed foods among children under two years old in Brazil./Public Health Nutrition

Goal

Evaluate the complementary food consumption according to the extent and purpose of food processing based on NOVA classification among chil- dren aged 6–24 months of Federal District, Brazil.

Results

On average, children aged from 6 to 12 and from 12 to 24 months con- sumed 2393 and 4054 kJ/d, respectively, and processed and UPF represented one-third of dietary energy intake. Group 2 (processed and UPF) was higher carbo- hydrate contributors, and lower protein, fibre and most micronutrient contributors, when compared with Group 1 (unprocessed, minimally processed foods and proc- essed culinary ingredients). In addition, the higher the energy intake from proc- essed and UPF, the higher was the daily energy intake from saturated fat, daily energy intake from total sugar and daily intake of sodium. Children are being exposed early to processed and UPF and their share affect the diet’s nutritional quality.

Authors

Spaniol AM, da Costa THM, Souza Ade M, Gubert MB.

Journal

DOI