Year of publication
One 24 hours recall
Age group of participant
Early consumption of ultra-processed foods among children under two years old in Brazil
Evaluate the complementary food consumption according to the extent and purpose of food processing based on NOVA classification among chil- dren aged 6–24 months of Federal District, Brazil.
On average, children aged from 6 to 12 and from 12 to 24 months con- sumed 2393 and 4054 kJ/d, respectively, and processed and UPF represented one-third of dietary energy intake. Group 2 (processed and UPF) was higher carbo- hydrate contributors, and lower protein, fibre and most micronutrient contributors, when compared with Group 1 (unprocessed, minimally processed foods and proc- essed culinary ingredients). In addition, the higher the energy intake from proc- essed and UPF, the higher was the daily energy intake from saturated fat, daily energy intake from total sugar and daily intake of sodium. Children are being exposed early to processed and UPF and their share affect the diet’s nutritional quality.
Spaniol AM, da Costa THM, Souza Ade M, Gubert MB.
Public Health Nutrition