Data

Year of publication

2019

Type

Quantitative

Design

Cross-sectional

Classification

NOVA

Country studied

United Kingdom, Portugal, Ireland, Germany and France

Data

Secondary

Data Collected

Two 24 hours recalls

Study setting

Household, clinic

Age group of participant

Adults/20+

Participant sex

Mixed

Target population

General

Sample size

n= 6,385 (participants)

Dietary share of ultra-processed foods and metabolic syndrome in the US adult population

Goal

Examine the relationship between dietary share of ultra-processed foods and metabolic syndrome among US adults.

Results

Poisson regression models with robust variance ad-justed for age, sex, race/ethnicity, family income, education, physical activity and smoking showed significantlinear association between the dietary contribution of UPF and the prevalence of MetS (a 10% increase in contribution was associated with a 4%prevalence increase) (prevalence ratio-PR-=1.04;95%CI1.02,1.07). A dietary UPF contribution of >71% (5th population quintile)was associated with 28% higher prevalence of MetS compared to a contribution below 40% (1st population quintile)(PR=1.28;95%CI1.09,1.50).The association was stronge rin young adults (PR between upperandlower quintiles=1.94;95% CI 1.39,2.72) and decreased with age.These findings add to the growing evidence that UPF consumption is associated with diet-related non-communicable diseases.

Authors

Martínez Steele E, Juul F, Neri D, Rauber F, Monteiro CA.

Journal

Preventive Medicine

DOI