Data

Year of publication

2020

Type

Quantitative

Design

Cross-sectional

Classification

Other

Country studied

Brazil

Data

Primary

Data Collected

One 24 hour recall

Study setting

Online

Age group of participant

Adults

Participant sex

Mixed

Target population

General

Sample size

n=740 (participants)

Dietary patterns of Brazilian farmers and their relation with sociodemographic, labor, and lifestyle conditions. Nutr J

Goal

Explore the sociodemographic, occupational and lifestyle factors to the high adherence these dietary patterns.

Results

Three dietary patterns were identified. The first pattern, “local traditional”, was associated with sociodemographic and labor variables, being considered typical of the region’s farmer as white race/color (p = 0.003), not extra-physical activity (p = 0.014) and cultivating 5 or more crops (p = 0.005). The permanence of a “traditional Brazilian” pattern and the occurrence of an “industrialized” pattern were also observed. Farmers working in non-conventional agriculture were 54% less adhere to “traditional Brazilian” pattern (OR 0.46, 95% CI 0.25–0.86, p = 0.014). Individuals aged 50 and over years were 82% less likely (OR 0.18, 95% CI 0.10–0.30) to adhere to “industrialized” pattern. Still, individuals of lower socioeconomic class were 52% less likely to adhere to this pattern (OR 0.48, 95% CI 0.24–0.96). Farmers who spent R$ 200 or more per capita to buy food were more than twice as likely to adhere to this food pattern (OR 2.22, 95% CI 1.32–3.73), and who had the habit of frequently eating out were 1.62 as likely adhere to “industrialized” pattern (95% CI 1.11–2.36).

Authors

Cattafesta M, Petarli GB, da Luz TC, Zandonade E, Alves Bezerra OMP, et al.

Journal

DOI