Year of publication
One food frequency
Age group of participant
Vulnerable (venezuelan people)
Dietary intake and cardiometabolic risk factors among Venezuelan adults: A nationally representative analysis./BMC Nutr
Describe the relationship between dietary intake and obesity, hypertension, and T2D, using a nationally representative dataset from EVESCAM (Estudio Venezolano de Salud Cardio-Metabólica).
The prevalence of obesity, type 2 diabetes, and hypertension were 24.6%, 13.3%, and 30.8%, respectively. Mean DDS was 2.3 food groups (Range: 0–8, 8 being most diverse). Men, younger individuals, and those with higher socioeconomic status were more likely to consume red meat and soft drinks once or more weekly. Women and those with higher socioeconomic status were more likely to consume vegetables and cheese once or more daily. Participants with obesity, type 2 diabetes, and hypertension had lower daily intake of red meat and arepas compared to participants without these risk factors.
Goodman D, González-Rivas JP, Jaacks LM, Duran M, Marulanda MI, Ugel E, Mattei J, Chavarro JE, Nieto-Martinez R.