Data

Year of publication

2020

Type

Mixed-Method

Design

Cross-sectional

Classification

Other (non-stated)

Country studied

Venezuela

Data

Secondary

Data Collected

One food frequency

Study setting

Clinic

Age group of participant

Adutls/<21

Participant sex

Mixed

Target population

Vulnerable (venezuelan people)

Sample size

n=3420 (participants)

Dietary intake and cardiometabolic risk factors among Venezuelan adults: A nationally representative analysis./BMC Nutr

Goal

Describe the relationship between dietary intake and obesity, hypertension, and T2D, using a nationally representative dataset from EVESCAM (Estudio Venezolano de Salud Cardio-Metabólica).

Results

The prevalence of obesity, type 2 diabetes, and hypertension were 24.6%, 13.3%, and 30.8%, respectively. Mean DDS was 2.3 food groups (Range: 0–8, 8 being most diverse). Men, younger individuals, and those with higher socioeconomic status were more likely to consume red meat and soft drinks once or more weekly. Women and those with higher socioeconomic status were more likely to consume vegetables and cheese once or more daily. Participants with obesity, type 2 diabetes, and hypertension had lower daily intake of red meat and arepas compared to participants without these risk factors.

Authors

Goodman D, González-Rivas JP, Jaacks LM, Duran M, Marulanda MI, Ugel E, Mattei J, Chavarro JE, Nieto-Martinez R.

Journal

DOI