Data

Year of publication

2020

Type

Quantitative

Design

Cross-sectional

Classification

NOVA

Country studied

Brazil

Data

Primary

Data Collected

One 24 hours recall

Study setting

Clinic

Age group of participant

Children/1-2

Participant sex

Mixed

Target population

Vulnerable (children)

Sample size

n=106 (participants)

Cross-cultural measurement equivalence of the Healthy Eating Index adapted version for children aged 1 to 2 years/British Journal of Nutrition.

Goal

Evaluate the cross-cultural measurement equivalence of the Healthy Eating Index (HEI) for children aged 1 to 2 years and to analyse the quality of nutrition of preterm intants.

Results

The diet quality was considered adequate when the total HEI score was over 80 points. Cronbach’s α was 0·54. Regarding interobserver reliability, ten items showed strong agreement (κ > 0·8). The item scores had low correlations with energy consumed (r ≤ 0·30), and positive and moderate correlation of fruit (r 0·67), meat (r 0·60) and variety of diet (r 0·57) with total scores. When analysing the overall quality of the diet, most patients need improvement (median 78·7 points), which can be attributed to low total vegetable intake and the presence of ultra- processed foods in the diet. The instrument showed auspicious psychometric properties, being promising to evaluate the quality of the diet in children aged 1–2 years.

Authors

Ribas S, Santos D, Rosa G, Teixeira M, Rodrigues L, & Marques E.

Journal

DOI