Year of publication
One 24 hours recall
Age group of participant
Consumption of ultra-processed foods is associated with obesity, diabetes and hypertension in Canadian adults
Assess the association between consumption of UPF and obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and heart disease.
The average UPF intake in the highests tertile was 73% and the avergae UPF intake in the lowest tertile was 24%. I the highest tertile, participants had 31% higher odds of obesity, 27% higher odds of diabetes, and 60% higher odds of hypertension.
Nardocci M, Polsky JY, Moubarac JC.
Can J Public Health