Data

Year of publication

2020

Type

Mixed-Method

Design

Retrospective, Cross-sectional

Classification

NOVA

Country studied

Canada

Data

Secondary

Data Collected

One or two 24 hours recalls

Study setting

Household

Age group of participant

All ages/18+

Participant sex

Mixed

Target population

General

Sample size

n=33,924 (participants in 2004) n=20,080 (participants in 2015)

Consumption of ultra-processed foods in Canada

Goal

Characterize intake of UPF amoung Canadians and examine changes since 2004.

Results

The average UPF intake was 47.8% in 2004 and 45.7% in 2015 amoung overall population. It was over half the total daily energy share amoung children and adolescents. Both the mean energy contribution of UPF and their usual energy distribution shifted downward since 2004 for all age-sex groups, except among adults aged 55 or older.

Authors

Polsky JY, Moubarac JC, Garriguet D

Journal

Health Reports

DOI