Year of publication
One or two 24 hours recalls
Age group of participant
n=33,924 (participants in 2004) n=20,080 (participants in 2015)
Consumption of ultra-processed foods in Canada
Characterize intake of UPF amoung Canadians and examine changes since 2004.
The average UPF intake was 47.8% in 2004 and 45.7% in 2015 amoung overall population. It was over half the total daily energy share amoung children and adolescents. Both the mean energy contribution of UPF and their usual energy distribution shifted downward since 2004 for all age-sex groups, except among adults aged 55 or older.
Polsky JY, Moubarac JC, Garriguet D