Data

Year of publication

2021

Type

Quantitative

Design

Cross-sectional

Classification

NOVA

Country studied

Brazil

Data

Secondary

Data Collected

Food frequency

Study setting

Hospital

Age group of participant

All ages/11, 22, 30

Participant sex

Mixed

Target population

General

Sample size

n=5265 (participants)

Consumption of ultra-processed foods at 11, 22 and 30 years at the 2004, 1993 and 1982 Pelotas Birth Cohorts/Public Health Nutrition

Goal

Describe the consumption of ultra-processed foods according to demographic and socioeconomic characteristics in three birth cohorts.

Results

Daily energetic contribution from ultra-processed foods was higher in the younger cohort (33·7, 29·8 and 25·1 % at 11, 22 and 30 years, respectively). Maternal schooling and family income at birth showed an inverse dose–response relationship at 11 and 22 years, but a positive dose–response at 30 years. Female sex, lower schooling and family income at 22 years and higher schooling at 30 years were associated to a higher contribution from ultra-processed foods in the daily energy intake.

Authors

dos Santos Costa C, Formoso Assunção MC, dos Santos Vaz J, Rauber F, Bierhals IO, et. al.

Journal

DOI