Data

Year of publication

2015

Type

Quantitative

Design

Cross-sectional

Classification

Other (adaptation of NOVA 3 groups)

Country studied

Brazil

Data

Secondary

Data Collected

Two 24 hours recalls

Study setting

Household

Age group of participant

Teenagers and adults/10+

Participant sex

Mixed

Target population

General

Sample size

n=30 243 (participants)

Consumption of ultra-processed foods and obesity in Brazilian adolescents and adults/Prev Med

Goal

Evaluate the association of the intake of ultra-processed foods with obesity indicators in a national-ly representative sample of Brazilian adolescents and adults.

Results

Ultra-processed foods represented 30% of the total energy intake. Those in the highest quintile of con-sumption of ultra-processed foods had significantly higher body-mass-index (0.94 kg/m2; 95% CI: 0.42,1.47) andhigher odds of being obese (OR = 1.98; 95% CI: 1.26,3.12) and excess weight (OR = 1.26; 95% CI: 0.95,1.69) com-pared with those in the lowest quintile of consumption.Conclusion.Our findings support the role of ultra-processed foods in the obesity epidemic in Brazil.

Authors

Louzada ML da C, Baraldi LG, Steele EM, et al.

Journal

DOI