Data

Year of publication

2020

Type

Quantitative

Design

Cross-sectional

Classification

NOVA

Country studied

Portugal

Data

Secondary

Data Collected

Two 24 hours recalls

Study setting

Online

Age group of participant

Adults/18-64

Participant sex

Mixed

Target population

General

Sample size

n=3852 (participants)

Consumption of ultra-processed foods and non-communicable disease-related nutrient profile in Portuguese adults and elderly (2015–2016): The UPPER project

Goal

Investigate the dietary share of ultra-processed foods and its association with the non-communicable disease (NCD)-related nutrient profile of adult and elderly populations in Portugal.

Results

In both adult and elderly groups, as the consumption of ultra-processed foods increased, the dietary content of total energy, dietary energy density, content of carbohydrates, free sugars, total fats and saturated fats increased, while the dietary content of protein, fiber, Na, and K decreased.The prevalence of those exceeding the upper limits recommended for free sugars and saturated fats increased by 544 and 153 % in adults and 619 and 60 % in elderly, when comparing the lowest with the highest quintile of ultra-processed food consumption.

Authors

Costa de Miranda R, Rauber F, de Moraes MM, Afonso C, Santos C, Rodrigues S, Bertazzi Lavy R.

Journal

British Journal of Nutrition

DOI