Year of publication
United Kingdom, Portugal, Ireland, Germany and France
One or two 24 hours recall
Age group of participant
n = 9469 (participants)
Consumption of ultra-processed foods and its association with added sugar content in the diets of US children, NHANES 2009-2014./Pediatr Obes
Assess the consumption of ultra‐processed foods and to examine its association with added sugar content in the diet of US children aged 2 to 19 years.
Ultra‐processed foods contributed to 65% of total energy intake and to 92% of energy from added sugars in the diet of US children. The mean percent energy provided by added sugars in the observed period was 14.3%. Most individuals (70.9%) had diets exceeding the recommended limit of added sugar (<10% of total energy intake), and 18.4% of the population had diets surpassing twice the recommended level (20% of total energy intake). A 5.5% point increase in the dietary share of ultra‐processed foods determined a 1 percentage point increase in the dietary content of added sugars, with stronger adjusted associations among younger children.
Neri D, Martinez-Steele E, Monteiro CA, Levy RB.