Data

Year of publication

2019

Type

Quantitative

Design

Cross-sectional

Classification

NOVA

Country studied

United Kingdom, Portugal, Ireland, Germany and France

Data

Secondary

Data Collected

One or two 24 hours recall

Study setting

Household

Age group of participant

Children/2-19

Participant sex

Mixed

Target population

Vulnerable (children)

Sample size

n = 9469 (participants)

Consumption of ultra-processed foods and its association with added sugar content in the diets of US children, NHANES 2009-2014

Goal

Assess the consumption of ultra_processed foods and to examine its association with added sugar content in the diet of US children aged 2 to 19 years.

Results

Ultra_processed foods contributed to 65% of total energy intake and to 92% of energy from added sugars in the diet of US children. The mean percent energy provided by added sugars in the observed period was 14.3%. Most individuals (70.9%) had diets exceeding the recommended limit of added sugar (<10% of total energy intake), and 18.4% of the population had diets surpassing twice the recommended level (20% of total energy intake). A 5.5% point increase in the dietary share of ultra_processed foods determined a 1 percentage point increase in the dietary content of added sugars, with stronger adjusted associations among younger children.

Authors

Neri D, Martinez-Steele E, Monteiro CA, Levy RB.

Journal

Pediatr Obes

DOI