Data

Year of publication

2020

Type

Quantitative

Design

Cross-sectional

Classification

NOVA

Country studied

United Kingdom, Portugal, Ireland, Germany and France

Data

Secondary

Data Collected

One food frequency

Study setting

Household

Age group of participant

Adults/21-59

Participant sex

Mixed

Target population

General

Sample size

n=75 (participants)

Characterising percentage energy from ultra-processed foods by participant demographics, diet quality and diet cost: findings from the Seattle Obesity Study (SOS) III

Goal

Characterise percentage energy from UP foods by participant socio-economic status (SES), diet quality, self-reported food expenditure and energy-adjusted diet cost.

Results

Higher amounts of UPF was associated with higher energy density, lower HEI-2015 scores and lower NRF scores. Those in the bottom decile of diet cost consumed 67.5% energy from UPF while those in the top decile consumed 48.7% energy from UPF. Highter UPF consumption was linked to lower food spending and socio-economic status.

Authors

Gupta S, Rose CM, Buszkiewicz J, Ko LK, Mou J, Cook A, Aggarwal A, Drewnowski A.

Journal

British Journal of Nutrition

DOI