Data

Year of publication

2020

Type

Quantitative

Design

Cross-sectional

Classification

NOVA

Country studied

Brazil

Data

Primary

Data Collected

Food samples

Study setting

Online

Age group of participant

N/A

Participant sex

N/A

Target population

N/A

Sample size

n=100 (locations), n=1645 (products), n=95 (foods)

Baby food methodology in Brazil: An evaluation of the commercial food processing profile for children aged 0 to 36 months

Goal

Evaluate the processing profile of commercial foods intended for children aged 0 to 36 months and to compare the characteristics of the label and nutritional profile according to the type of processing.

Results

100 different supermarkets, mini markets, pharmacies and bakeries were consulted, and 1645 products with 95 different foods were inserted. The most foods were breastmilk substitutes (31.6%, n = 30), followed by cereal foods (26.3%, n = 25) and meat or chicken meals (15. 8%, n = 15). Regarding processing, 79% (n = 75) were classified as ultra-processed foods and most of which were breast milk substitutes and cereals, intended for children under 12 months, with visual information on the label, fortified with vitamins and minerals and they had not claims of health. Regarding the nutritional profile, the ultra-processed foods had 472.9 Kcal / 100 g, which had 8.8% from protein, 60.1% from carbohydrates and 31.1% from fat, and presented higher energy content, fats, carbohydrates, protein and sodium than other types of processing (p<0.05). There was a predominance of ultra-processed baby foods in the market with a higher energy density, fat, carbohydrate and sodium profile, which may affect the quality of the diet in childhood.

Authors

Rocha KF.

Journal

Dissertation (Master in Nutrition) - Health Sciences Center, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal

DOI