Data

Year of publication

2020

Type

Mixed-Method

Design

Cross-sectional

Classification

NOVA

Country studied

United Kingdom, Portugal, Ireland, Germany and France

Data

Primary

Data Collected

Three-day food record

Study setting

Laboratory

Age group of participant

Adults/18-45

Participant sex

Mixed

Target population

General

Sample size

n=40 (participants)

Associations of ultra-processed and unprocessed minimally processed food consumption with peripheral and central hemodynamics and arterial stiffness in young healthy adults

Goal

Investigate the relation between UPF and MPF with peripheral and central blood pressure (BP), wave reflection, and arterial stiffness.

Results

UPF consumption was positively associated with overall and daytime peripheral systolic BP (B = 0.25, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.03, 0.46, p = 0.029; B = 0.32, 95% CI 0.09, 0.56, p = 0.008, respectively), daytime diastolic BP (B = 0.18, 95% CI 0.01, 0.36, p = 0.049) and daytime peripheral pulse pressure (PP; B = 0.22, 95% CI 0.03, 0.41, p = 0.027). MPF consumption was inversely associated with daytime peripheral PP (B = _0.27, 95% CI _0.47, _0.07, p = 0.011), overall and daytime central systolic BP (B = _0.27, 95% CI _0.51, _0.02, p = 0.035; B = _0.31, 95% CI _0.58, _0.04, p = 0.024, respectively), and nighttime central PP (B = _0.10, 95% CI _0.19, _0.01, p = 0.042). Both UPF and MPF were not associated with AIx nor PWV

Authors

Smiljanec K, Mbakwe AU, Ramos-Gonzalez M, Mesbah C, Lennon SL.

Journal

Nutrients

DOI