Year of publication
United Kingdom, Portugal, Ireland, Germany and France
Three-day food record
Age group of participant
Associations of ultra-processed and unprocessed/minimally processed food consumption with peripheral and central hemodynamics and arterial stiffness in young healthy adults/Nutrients
Investigate the relation between UPF and MPF with peripheral and central blood pressure (BP), wave reflection, and arterial stiffness.
UPF consumption was positively associated with overall and daytime peripheral systolic BP (B = 0.25, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.03, 0.46, p = 0.029; B = 0.32, 95% CI 0.09, 0.56, p = 0.008, respectively), daytime diastolic BP (B = 0.18, 95% CI 0.01, 0.36, p = 0.049) and daytime peripheral pulse pressure (PP; B = 0.22, 95% CI 0.03, 0.41, p = 0.027). MPF consumption was inversely associated with daytime peripheral PP (B = −0.27, 95% CI −0.47, −0.07, p = 0.011), overall and daytime central systolic BP (B = −0.27, 95% CI −0.51, −0.02, p = 0.035; B = −0.31, 95% CI −0.58, −0.04, p = 0.024, respectively), and nighttime central PP (B = −0.10, 95% CI −0.19, −0.01, p = 0.042). Both UPF and MPF were not associated with AIx nor PWV
Smiljanec K, Mbakwe AU, Ramos-Gonzalez M, Mesbah C, Lennon SL.