Data

Year of publication

2019

Type

Quantitative

Design

Cross-sectional

Classification

NOVA

Country studied

Mexico

Data

Secondary

Data Collected

One 24 hours recall

Study setting

Household

Age group of participant

All ages/1+

Participant sex

Mixed

Target population

General

Sample size

n= 10087 (participants)

Associations between Consumption of Ultra-Processed Foods and Intake of Nutrients Related to Chronic Non-Communicable Diseases in Mexico/Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics

Goal

Investigate the associations between the energy contribution from ultra-processed foods and the intake of nutrients related to chronic non-communicable diseases in Mexico.

Results

Mean reported energy contribution from ultra-processed foods to the Mexicanpopulation’s diet ranged from 4.5% kcal in quintile 1 (Q1) to 64.2% kcal in quintile 5 (Q5). An increased energy contribution from ultra-processed foods was positively associatedwith intake from added sugar (Q1: 7.4% kcal; Q5: 17.5% kcal), total fat (Q1: 30.6% kcal;Q5: 33.5% kcal) and saturated fat (Q1: 9.3% kcal; Q5: 13.2% kcal), as well as dietary energy density (Q1: 1.4 kcal/g; Q5: 2.0 kcal/g) (P<0.001); and inversely associated with intake from protein (Q1: 15.1% kcal; Q5: 11.9% kcal) and dietaryfiber (Q1: 16.0 g/1,000kcal; Q5: 8.4 g/1,000 kcal) (P< 0.001). Conclusions : In the Mexican population, an increased energy contribution from ultra-processed foods was associated with a lower dietary quality with regard to intake of nutrients related to chronic non-communicable diseases. Future research is needed to identify barriers to eating a variety of unprocessed and minimally processed foods for the Mexican population, as well as effective public health strategies and policies to overcome these barriers.

Authors

Marrón-Ponce JA, Flores M, Cediel G, Monteiro CA, Batis C.

Journal

DOI