Data

Year of publication

2019

Type

Quantitative

Design

Longitudinal

Classification

NOVA

Country studied

France

Data

Secondary

Data Collected

Three 24 hour recalls

Study setting

Online

Age group of participant

Adults/45+

Participant sex

Mixed

Target population

General

Sample size

n= 44 551 (participants)

Association Between Ultraprocessed Food Consumption and Risk of Mortality Among Middle-aged Adults in France

Goal

Assess the association between ultraprocessed foods consumption and all-cause mortality risk.

Results

A total of 44551 participants were included,of whom 32549 (73.1%) were women, with a mean (SD) age at baseline of 56.7 (7.5) years. Ultraprocessed foods accounted for a mean (SD) proportion of 14.4% (7.6%) of the weight of total food consumed, corresponding to a mean (SD) proportion of 29.1% (10.9%) of total energy intake. Ultraprocessed foods consumption was associated with younger age (45-64 years, mean [SE] proportion of food in weight, 14.50% [0.04%]; P < .001), lower income (<€1200/mo, 15.58% [0.11%]; P < .001), lower educational level (no diploma or primary school, 15.50% [0.16%]; P < .001), living alone (15.02% [0.07%]; P < .001), higher body mass index (calculated as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared; __30, 15.98% [0.11%]; P < .001), and lower physical activity level (15.56% [0.08%]; P < .001). A total of 602 deaths (1.4%) occurred during follow-up. After adjustment for a range of confounding factors, an increase in the proportion of ultraprocessed foods consumed was associated with a higher risk of all-cause mortality (HR per 10% increment, 1.14; 95% CI, 1.04-1.27; P = .008). Conclusions and relevance : An increase in ultraprocessed foods consumption appears to be associated with an overall higher mortality risk among this adult population; further prospective studies are needed to confirm these findings and to disentangle the various mechanisms by which ultraprocessed foods may affect health.

Authors

Schnabel L, Kesse-Guyot E, Allès B, et al.

Journal

JAMA Intern Med

DOI