Data

Year of publication

2017

Type

Quantitative

Design

Cross-sectional

Classification

NOVA

Country studied

United Kingdom, Portugal, Ireland, Germany and France

Data

Secondary

Data Collected

One to two 24 hours recalls

Study setting

Household, clinic

Age group of participant

All ages/6+

Participant sex

Mixed

Target population

General

Sample size

n=2692 (participants)

Association between Dietary Share of Ultra-Processed Foods and Urinary Concentrations of Phytoestrogens in the US./Nutrients

Goal

Examine the relationship between dietary contribution of ultra-processed foods and urinary phytoestrogen concentrations in the US.

Results

Adjusted enterodiol geometric means decreased monotonically from 60.6 in the lowest quintile to 35.1 µg/g creatinine in the highest, while adjusted enterolactone geometric means dropped from 281.1 to 200.1 across the same quintiles, respectively. No significant linear trend was observed in the association between these quintiles and isoflavone concentrations. This finding reinforces the existing evidence regarding the negative impact of ultra-processed food consumption on the overall quality of the diet and expands it to include non-nutrients such as lignans.

Authors

Martínez Steele E, Monteiro CA.

Journal

DOI