Data

Year of publication

2019

Type

Quantitative

Design

Cross-sectional

Classification

NOVA

Country studied

Brazil

Data

Secondary

Data Collected

One food frequency questionnaire

Study setting

Job site, clinic

Age group of participant

Adults/35-74

Participant sex

Mixed

Target population

General

Sample size

n=8468 (participants)

Association between consumption of ultra-processed foods and serum C-reactive protein levels: Cross-sectionalresults from the ELSA-Brasil study

Goal

Investigate whether the caloric contribution of ultra-processed foods to diet is associated with CRP levels, independent of body mass index (BMI).

Results

Ultra-processed food accounted for 20% of total energy intake. Among men, after adjustments for sociodemographic characteristics, there was no association between ultra-processed food intake and CRP levels. Among women, after adjustment for sociodemographic characteristics, smoking and physical activity, the highest tercile of ultra-processed food intake was associated with mean CRP levels that were 14% higher (95% confidence interval: 1.04-1.24) than those of the lowest tercile. However, after considering BMI, this association lost statistical significance. Conclusion : Our findings suggest that the positive association of ultra-processed food consumptionwith CRP levels among women seems to be mediated by the presence of adiposity.

Authors

Ester da Silva Cruz Lopes, A., Araújo, L. F., Levy, R. B., Barreto, S. M., Giatti, L.

Journal

Sao Paulo Medical Journal

DOI