Year of publication
One food frequency questionnaire
Job site, clinic
Age group of participant
Association between consumption of ultra-processed foods and serum C-reactive protein levels: Cross-sectionalresults from the ELSA-Brasil study
Investigate whether the caloric contribution of ultra-processed foods to diet is associated with CRP levels, independent of body mass index (BMI).
Ultra-processed food accounted for 20% of total energy intake. Among men, after adjustments for sociodemographic characteristics, there was no association between ultra-processed food intake and CRP levels. Among women, after adjustment for sociodemographic characteristics, smoking and physical activity, the highest tercile of ultra-processed food intake was associated with mean CRP levels that were 14% higher (95% confidence interval: 1.04-1.24) than those of the lowest tercile. However, after considering BMI, this association lost statistical significance. Conclusion : Our findings suggest that the positive association of ultra-processed food consumptionwith CRP levels among women seems to be mediated by the presence of adiposity.
Ester da Silva Cruz Lopes, A., Araújo, L. F., Levy, R. B., Barreto, S. M., Giatti, L.
Sao Paulo Medical Journal