Year of publication
One food frequency
Age group of participant
n= 19 899 (participants)
Association between consumption of ultra-processed foods and all cause mortality: SUN prospective cohort study./BMJ
Evaluate the association between consumption of ultra-processed foods and all cause mortality.
335 deaths occurred during 200 432 persons years of follow-up. Participants in the highest quarter (high consumption) of ultra-processed foods consumption had a higher hazard for all cause mortality compared with those in the lowest quarter (multivariable adjusted hazard ratio 1.62, 95% confidence interval 1.13 to 2.33) with a significant dose-response relation (P for linear trend=0.005). For each additional serving of ultra-processed foods, all cause mortality relatively increased by 18% (adjusted hazard ratio 1.18, 95% confidence interval 1.05 to 1.33). Conclusions : A higher consumption of ultra-processed foods (>4 servings daily) was independently associated with a 62% relatively increased hazard for all cause
mortality. For each additional serving of ultraprocessed food, all cause mortality increased by 18%.
Rico-Campà A, Martínez-González MA, Alvarez-Alvarez I, et al.