Data

Year of publication

2018

Type

Quantitative

Design

Longitudinal

Classification

Other (non-stated)

Country studied

Spain

Data

Primary

Data Collected

Two food frequency

Study setting

Online

Age group of participant

Adults/mean=35+/- 11

Participant sex

Mixed

Target population

General

Sample size

n=11349 (participants)

A food-based score and incidence of overweight/obesity: The Dietary Obesity-Prevention Score (DOS)./Clinical Nutrition

Goal

Provide evidence on the association between adherence to a food-based score reflecting a set of targeted, well-informed, simple dietary recommendations and the incidence of overweight/ obesity.

Results

During 104,887 person-years, 2153 incident cases of overweight/obesity were identified. A higher adherence to the DOS at baseline was significantly associated with lower risk of future devel- opment of overweight/obesity [multivariable-adjusted HR (95% CI) for the highest vs. lowest quintile 1⁄4 0.63 (0.54e0.74)], with a significant linear doseeresponse relationship (p for trend < 0.001). When the analyses were updated with repeated measures, the results were similar and remained sta- tistically significant. Consistently, increases in average yearly weight gain were significantly lower with better adherence to the DOS.

Authors

Gómez-Donoso C, Martínez-González MA, Gea A, Murphy KJ, Parletta N, Bes-Rastrollo M.

Journal

DOI