Year of publication
Two food frequency
Age group of participant
A food-based score and incidence of overweight/obesity: The Dietary Obesity-Prevention Score (DOS).
Provide evidence on the association between adherence to a food-based score reflecting a set of targeted, well-informed, simple dietary recommendations and the incidence of overweight/ obesity.
During 104,887 person-years, 2153 incident cases of overweight/obesity were identified. A higher adherence to the DOS at baseline was significantly associated with lower risk of future devel- opment of overweight/obesity [multivariable-adjusted HR (95% CI) for the highest vs. lowest quintile 1⁄4 0.63 (0.54e0.74)], with a significant linear doseeresponse relationship (p for trend < 0.001). When the analyses were updated with repeated measures, the results were similar and remained sta- tistically significant. Consistently, increases in average yearly weight gain were significantly lower with better adherence to the DOS.
Gómez-Donoso C, Martínez-González MA, Gea A, Murphy KJ, Parletta N, Bes-Rastrollo M.